Why is Turkey fighting Syria? Border map and background to the tension explained

TURKEY has launched airstrikes and fired artillery in northern Syria in a bid to crush Kurdish fighters.

Here’s what we all know in regards to the quick creating and deadly state of affairs, which some concern will find yourself as a massacre on Europe’s border.

Turkish soldiers prepare armored vehicles before crossing the border into Syria on October 09
Turkish troopers put together armoured automobiles earlier than crossing the border into Syria on October 9
Getty Photos – Getty

Why is Turkey attacking Syria?

As a result of the Turkish authorities concern Kurd dominated forces in Syria will hyperlink up with Kurdish rebels in Turkey, who’ve been combating for a breakaway state for many years.

The long-persecuted Kurdish individuals stay in mountainous areas stretching throughout northern Turkey, Syria and Iraq. They usually need their very own homeland.

As a result of 2003 toppling of Iraqi tyrant Saddam Hussein, and the continuing marketing campaign in opposition to the regime of Syrian dictator Bashir al-Assad, the Kurds have been in a position to kind self-governing areas in these war-torn nations.

However the Turkish hard-line President Recep Tayyip Erdogan fears Kurdish forces in Syria, will hyperlink up with their brethren in his nation.

Smoke rises at the site of Ras al-Ayn city of Syria as Turkish troops begin Operation Peace Spring
Smoke rises on the website of Ras al-Ayn metropolis of Syria as Turkish troops start Operation Peace Spring
Getty – Contributor

Who’re the Syrian Kurd YPG?

The Syrian Kurds are often called the Individuals’s Safety Models (YPG) and so they lead the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) from their stronghold within the borderlands of North East Syria.

They’ve been backed by america through the eight-year-old Syrian civil warfare in opposition to the merciless Assad regime, but additionally Isis — which exploited the battle and captured territory to kind its so known as, if not finally doomed, caliphate.

However Donald Trump seems to have deserted his ally.

On Monday American troops withdrew from the Kurdish dominated areas in Syria.

And Turkey is clearly taking the chance to assault the YPG and SDF — as a result of it’s lengthy feared these insurgent forces may enhance separatist (“terrorist”) Kurds in its personal nation.


Who’re the Kurdish YPG militia?

The Individuals’s Safety Models (YPG) are ethnic Kurds, who’ve teamed up with Arab militias to kind the SDF.

With American assist, they’ve been battling the Russian backed Syrian regime of dictator Bashir al-Assad.

The YPG have additionally been efficiently combating Isis, which had exploited the Syrian civil warfare to arrange its so-called caliphate. 

Because of US airstrikes, weapons and advisers, they’ve captured tens of 1000’s of sq. miles of territory in north-eastern Syria from the dying cult. 

A Kurdish autonomous administration has been arrange, which is house to about two million civilians, lots of them refugees from the horrifying warfare that has been unfolding previously eight years.  

Now, it’s feared the Turkish assault on them will unleash a possible massacre and instability throughout the area for years to come back.

Trump’s determination to withdraw troops has drawn criticism from US Democrats and a rebuke from a number of the President’s fellow Republicans in Congress, together with Senate Majority Chief Mitch McConnell.

He stated an early US withdrawal “would solely profit Russia, Iran” and Syrian President Bashar Assad, who’s waging warfare in opposition to Syrian opposition forces.

The Kentucky Republican says it will additionally make it simpler for Isis to rebuild.

YPG Fighters and veterans march in front of the UN headquarters in the northern Kurdish Syrian city of Qamishli during a protest against Turkish threats
YPG Fighters and veterans march in entrance of the UN headquarters within the northern Kurdish Syrian metropolis of Qamishli throughout a protest in opposition to Turkish threats
AFP or licensors

What has been taking place to this point?

October 7 — US pulls its troops from border between north-eastern Syria and Turkey 

October eight  — Tanks and troops amass on border sparking an exodus of civilians 

October 9 — Turkish strongman Recep Tayyip Erdogan introduced his assault known as known as “Operation Peace Spring” has begun

October 9 — Air raids and artillery begins pummelling YPG territory, reportedly killing least 5 civilians and wounding dozens 

What do Syria’s Kurds say?

They’ve stated they’re decided to defend its territory “in any respect prices”.

However earlier than the Turkish invasion started, their commanders warned the realm they stay in was “on the sting of a attainable humanitarian disaster”.

And there’s concern over the lack of many “harmless civilians”.

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